A New Type of Plane

 

 

In a plane of new type, a powerful compressor takes air from above the wings and above the fuselage and feeds it into engines.

 

 

Air Supply

Powerful air compressors should take air from above the fuselage and above wings and possibly above tail wings. This air should be used for engines and for air conditioning.

Such arrangement provides additional lift and simplifies engines.

Air compressors should be inside the fuselage, on the bottom.

Reciprocating air compressors are preferable, they are inexpensive and reliable; however a turbine based air compressors could be used also.

Compressors should be driven by internal combustion engines, placed near to them, on the bottom of fuselage. These engines should use compressed air produced by air compressors.

To start compressors and engines, a battery is needed and electric motors. To charge the battery electric generators are needed driven by these engines.

The same electric generators should be used to supply electricity to the plane.

 

Shape

    The plane should have its engines behind the wings on winglets to avoid interference with air intake from above the wings.

Because air intake from above the fuselage provides additional lift, the fuselage should be wide and relatively flat, not cylindrical.

Because the fuselage is wide, the plane should use landing gear packed into a fuselage, similar to heavy lifting planes.

 

Observation System

This plane should not have side windows. Passenger side windows introduce weakness in the fuselage. Modern information systems, displays, speakers and lightning are more suitable on the plane.

Observation Stations should be embedded outside the fuselage. They should be connected to internal network. Images, sound and other information in a digital form should be taken from Observation Stations, integrated and passed to pilots, crew and passengers to be provided through screens, earphones, etc.

Only windows in the front of the Plane could be used by pilots. Hopefully, in time, when the system with Observation Stations matures, front windows could be eliminated also.

Engines

Various types of engines could be used with rich supply of compressed air. Such air supply improves their productivity and allows smaller form of engines with the same output, cleaner burning of fuel and possibility of use of lower quality of fuel.

Following is description of one type of jet engines benefiting from such supply of compressed air.

Such engine is like a jar, with opening to the back and fuel and air injected through the pipes into the “jar”, usually from back to front to facilitate better mixing. Air and fuel are injected under the pressure, mixed and burnt. Hot products of burning escape from the back of the engine.

In addition, small jets of this type could be used for control.

 

Achieving Reliability and Lowering Cost

Compressors should form a system, which is fully operational with any subset of active compressors and could be driven by any subset of associated engines. Similar requirement should be met with electric generators and modules of the battery.

It should be a few jet engines on each winglet and it should be possible to operate with some of them off line.

All machinery in the lower part of the fuselage should be enclosed in a set of easily accessible by the crew heat and sound insulated compartments, which could also protect in case of break-up of machinery.

Alexander Liss 7/1/2019