In a rural area, there is no access to centralized supply of water or electricity, no access to sewer, no centralized garbage removal, etc. Still, with modern machinery and automation it is possible to make rural living much more comfortable with relatively small expenses.
When a place of work and a place of living are close to each other, it is difficult to make a clean and pleasant living environment. Hence, living environment has to be separated.
We start with well thought through approach of ancient towns. We will set a wall and a Gate-House. We will need only a low wall to keep vermin out. The Gate-House we will make with a two parts sliding gate and with two buildings flanking it, parallel to each other. To enter or exit the enclosure one should go between these two buildings. That place between two buildings should be covered with a roof. Buildings themselves should have flat roofs, we will use them.
The Gate-House is a very convenient feature.
On the flat roof of each of these buildings we will place a water tank (when one is cleaned or disabled, the other is still used). Most likely they have to be elevated, to assure sufficient water pressure in all buildings of the Settlement.
We will place in the Gate-House machinery serving the enclosed Settlement – generators, pumps, etc. In addition, we place in the Gate-House work implements and mobile machinery needed to take care for the Settlement.
Some rooms in the Gate-House on higher floors could be dedicated for public gathering and activities.
When people work in dirty environment, they could keep their work closes and change closes in the Gate-House, like workers in a factory do.
Showers should be installed in the Gate-House that people could take shower after work and change into clean closes. Individual storage place should be allocated there also.
Washer and drier for work closes should be installed there.
Since we are placing generators, pumps, etc. in the Gate-House, we need to run wires and pipes between the Gate-House and each building in the Settlement. The best way to do that is through the Tunnels connecting the Gate-House and every building in the Settlement. Tunnels allow easy maintenance and addition of pipes and wires, when needed.
Observation Stations (a combination of cameras, microphones, smoke detectors, etc.) should be placed all over the Settlement, facing outside of the Settlement. All information should be passed to the Gate-House, integrated and from there passed to each house in the Settlement through Tunnels.
The system of Observation Stations could be extended to cover locations around the Settlement, associated with business of people living in the Settlement.
The space between buildings – the Yard, should be covered with sturdy tiles capable to support an occasional truck driving through the Gate-House into the Settlement, or paved some other way. Some fragrant trees and bushes could be planted there.
A building in the Settlement needs “technical” central part in the middle. Pipes and wires should come to the building through a Tunnel, after that they should go through a narrow basement of the building made just for this purpose, and from there they should go up through that middle part of the building. Besides that technical basement, the building should not have a basement.
This technical middle part should be made with reinforced concrete. Also, it should include a staircase, from the first floor and up to the roof.
In this middle part of the building on every floor following amenities should be located: toilets, shower rooms, bathrooms, kitchens and storage rooms. This concrete middle part of the building should be erected first and the building should be built around it.
Garbage Shut should be a standard feature in each building. Access to it should be on every floor and on the roof. A Garbage Shute should be constructed on one side of the building with access to it from the Yard. This ground access point is the place, where a standard Garbage Collector on wheels is placed. Plastic bags should be used to contain garbage in it.
Garbage in the Garbage Collector should be regularly moved to the Gate-House, where garbage is removed together with the plastic bag.
The roof should be flat and it should have:
· a Roof-House, to facilitate roof access through the staircase,
· a Garbage-Shute-House to provide access to the Garbage Shute,
· a protected access to the sewer.
This way, the roof could be kept clean and rain could be channeled directly into the sewer, all without affecting the Yard.
A Building should be designed for occupation by one extended family. Hence, it is reasonable to have all Buildings two stories high. They could vary in length and width, as needed.
Buildings of the Gate-House could be two or three stories high.
All buildings need centralized integrated air conditioning system and windows, which cannot be opened. Three air pipes should come to a building from the Gate-House – one carries clean air taken from above water tanks on the Gate-House, another carries heated in the winter or chilled in the summer air from the Gate-House and third carries exhaust air from the building to the Gate-House for disposal. In a building, air from first two pipes is mixed as needed separately for each room. During mixing, air could be enhanced with ingredients with pleasant smell or good for health.
Air movement through these pipes should be metered for cost allocation.
Exhaust air from the third pipe is collected in the Gate House and moved for disposal outside the Settlement.
Two water pipes should come from the Gate-Hose to each building, one with cold water and another with hot water.
Special pumps work in the Gate-House to pump water from underground. Access point to underground water could be afar and pipes connect this point with the Gate-House. This water is filtered and enhanced in the Gate-House, after that part of it is pumped into buildings as is and the second part is heated and passed to the buildings through another pipe.
Water movement through these pipes should be metered for cost allocation.
It should be a sewer pipe connecting each building with the Gate-House. Another sewer pipe should connect the Gate-House with a special Sewer Tank placed afar from the Settlement. Special pumps in the Gate-House move sewage from the buildings to the Sewer Tank.
Regularly, the Sewer Tank is emptied and sewage is disposed of in the manner allowed in the area, for example it could be moved and dumped in some wild area.
A special hydraulic press should be installed in the Gate-House. Garbage in plastic bags should be compressed with this press into manageable standard size blocks. Liquid extracted during this preparation should be dumped into the Sewer.
Blocks of compressed garbage should be moved away as landfill – there is always some place in the countryside with eroded ground, which needs landfill. These garbage blocks would serve as stones of landfill and local dirt should be used to cover them.
It should be an electric generator in the Gate-House. Electricity should be provided to each building through Tunnels using three wires (one is “ground”).
Because electricity demand in such Settlement is uneven, electric generation should be facilitated with a buffer – an electric Battery. Electricity should be produced and stored in the Battery, and using Battery, an alternating current should be produced as needed.
Building’s electricity usage should be metered for cost allocation.
A few types of Engines, Boilers and Chillers could be used in the Gate-Hose on-and-off. They should be run automatically as needed on inexpensive liquid fuel with careful heat recapture.
Their exhaust should be channeled via a pipe outside the Settlement; this pipe should go alongside the pipe used for disposal of used air from buildings.
The Settlement should be arranged as a Condominium, where people own their buildings, subject to rules of the Condominium, and Condominium controls all common parts of the Settlement, like the Gate-House and associated equipment, the Yard, the Tunnels with all pipes and wires, the Settlement’s wall, etc. Building owners should regularly elect the governing body of the Condominium.
In rural area, cats and dogs are necessity; the Condominium should have a few of them. They should be housed and fed in the Gate-House with measures taken allowing cats the way to escape and hide from dogs.
Two buildings should be added outside the wall of the Settlement to be used for parking. One should be used for parking of working cars, trucks and other machinery, the other - to park cars used for traveling, shopping, etc.
These buildings should be placed near the gate of the Settlement. They could be integrated with the wall.
Alexander Liss 7/28/2019