Alexander Liss







     Freedom is ability to take charge and make decision in any area, where a person is ready to make them. Freedom is associated with perpetual growth, with perpetual extension of the area of person's control, person's decision making.

Any leap of such expansion in a free society requires proof of maturity, which a person has to deliver to acquire a new area of control.

A civilized free society perpetually challenges the person's ability to control in all areas, where a person already has acquired control. Hence, a person has to deliver a proof of ability to control perpetually.

A free society faces various internal and external challenges and it developed defense mechanisms assuring its stability.




Mild internal challenges include imbalance between individual and social sides of some members of the society and its social groups.

Lack of understanding of importance of one's social side leads too aggressive push for extension of own area of control. When there is diminished respect for others, one often encroaches on a person's area of control and the person must demonstrate that the area is taken already. When a person cannot defend this area, the area is taken.

A free society with diminished respect for others develops excessively competitive patterns of behavior.

Lack of understanding of importance of one's individual side leads to suppression of individual expansion for benefits of social expansion. When there is diminished respect for individuality, individuals cannot fully develop their specific skills and the society as a whole loses opportunity of experimentation in various potentially beneficial for society areas.

A free society with diminished respect for individuality develops excessively conformist patterns of behavior.

To protect against such deviations, a free society protects members' various forms of "possession" and it protects comfort of ones, who arrived into a visible distinction from others, because of their individual development. (Hence, broadly understood "possession" and "intellectual minority" rights are essential for a civilized free society).


Perpetual Fight


A free society is often surrounded by not free societies and they are under perpetual ideological and often not only ideological attack from not free societies. Hence, they have to perpetually fight for freedom.


Arrested Expansion


Denial of freedom to a person leads to arrested expansion of person's control. Some people are forced to lead such existence (as a form of punishment, in a prison for example) and they suffer.

A person needs some kind of expansion to feel conditions of existence acceptable. Deprived of freedom, they develop fantasies, where they could continue to expend. The less possibility of expansion of actual control a person has, the more these fantasies affect decision-making and the person looses sanity.

Such state could become stable and perpetuate itself even when there are no restrictions on person's expansion of control any more.

The same is applicable to a social group; only effects are even more stable, because members of such group reinforce each other fantasies and the group arrives to a group fantasies.




There are people, who accepted such arrested expansion and found a degree of comfort in it. These people have a specific mentality, which could be found in slaves. These are Slaves-in-Spirit.

Note that a state of Slave-in-Spirit is well known, and for many years, tools were developed to reinforce this state.

Conversion of a free person into a legal slave required such acceptance of the arrested expansion on a part of the slave. Without such acceptance, the slave was useless. Usually, such conversion was forced under the threat to the person's life.

In modern time, legal slavery is rare, but people with slave mentality - Slaves-in-Spirit, unfortunately are abundant.

One could see purposeful cultivation of Slaves-in-Spirit in many societies and often in free societies.

It should be intolerable for a free person with a healthy psyche to convert another free person into a slave or to exploit a slave. However, this could be seen as a normal development by a Slave-in-Spirit.

Slaves-in-Spirit "naturally" develop master-slave relationships, while a free person could develop such relationship only under delusion that "slaves" are different kind of people.

Coexistence of free people and Slaves-in-Spirit in a free society leads to peculiar relationships in such society, where the society is divided and opposing parts of it have different mentality. Slaves-in-Spirit recognize this division and unite against free people. Free people have difficulty recognizing it, because they cannot accept an idea that there are members of a free society, who are "different kind of people". This idea goes against the basic understanding of what is a free society.

They are not "different kind of people", they are sick. Generally, one should see phenomenon of Slavery-in-Spirit as illness - illness of an individual psyche and illness of a society. Unfortunately, it does not take much effort to break person's Spirit and convert a person into a Slave-in-Spirit, and it is difficult to treat this illness.


Differences in Mentality


Differences in mentality between free people and Slaves-in-Spirit are profound. They interpret differently same events and declarations. Even when a free person and a Slave-in-Spirit agree on some action, usually they have substantially different motivation and different interpretation of what this action is.

This creates enormous lack of understanding and difficulties in international relationships between free societies and not free societies and it creates perpetual misunderstanding in free societies.

It is useful to keep in mind examples of such differences:


Free People


Freedom is associated with equal opportunity and inevitable inequality

There is no understanding of Freedom, there is a concept of "free from" (from hunger, from illness), and desire for equality

One's manager is one, with whom a person entered a specific form of contract

One's manager as a father figure (even when the manager is a female)

Helping "unfortunate" is a personal moral imperative, which sometimes could be accomplished using special organizations

Poor and sick have to be taken care of by the government

In a society, there is a need for a safety net, which is used in bad times

It is a purpose of a society to redistribute wealth as equally as possible

Formal governing structures should be minimal and revised often; the society is held together because of its internal informal cohesiveness

Regulations and bureaucratic government organizations are main tools of achieving social goals; they are a formal representation of the society

Ideology is an expression of currently important limitations and goals of society; it is used to coordinate actions of members of society and inform friends and foes; it changes as circumstances change

Ideology is a tool to shape society by cultural leaders and adherence to it is more important than even truth of facts

Society does not need any leadership in its cultural development, but appreciates cultural contributions; "cultural elite" is a misguided group of people

Cultural elite defines and teaches society's rules of behavior; people should treat this group with utter respect


Difficulties of Diagnosis


Usually, a free society is blind to illness of Slavery-in-Spirit in its midst.

Free people see Slaves-in-Spirit as an equal group of members of society with peculiar hard to understand views, which have to be respected. Governing decisions, where this group is involved, should be made via mechanism of democracy.

Slaves-in-Spirit see free people as uneducated, misguided, unimaginative or outright stupid, and their success in life they see as an additional confirmation of deficiencies of society. They want to convert free people into Slaves-in-Spirit through "education"; meanwhile, they are ready to manipulate decisions of "stupid people" using demagoguery.

Only observing recovery from a state of Slave-in-Spirit into a state of a free person and discussing it with such recovered persons provides sufficient insight into this social problem.

Usually, a society starts to bother itself with this problem in times of rapid social changes, when this illness causes sharp social divisions, which are difficult to reconcile with existing tools.


Imperative of Early Intervention


Slavery-in-Spirit is a chronic decease of society.

In despotic societies peoples' spirits are broken early in life and practically an entire society is made of Slaves-in-Spirit. All of them, their rulers and their subjugated are Slaves-in-Spirit. Anyone recovering from this state is perceived as an enemy of the society and an entire society presses the person to get back into a broken state of Slave-in-Spirit.

When a person belongs to a community or an organization of Slaves-in-Spirit and person's livelihood depends on membership there, then a person tries to fit and play by rules of this social group. However, differences in mentality between a free person and a Slave-in-Spirit are so profound, that a free person cannot succeed in such place without falling into a state of Slave-in-Spirit.

Because of differences in mentality, a free person and a Slave-in-Spirit rarely have a stable marriage. Hence, in a society there are two groups of families: families of free people and families of Slaves-in-Spirit.

When parents are Slaves-in-Spirit, they "educate" their children to be the same.

Some social structures, as bureaucratic organizations, education organizations, or media organizations with global reach, which are sufficiently detached from challenges of real life, provide a good shelter for Slaves-in-Spirit. When Slaves-in-Spirit penetrate such place, their community there perpetuates itself.

Slaves-in-Spirit have a model of word, through which communication of other peoples is consistently filtered. Opinions of free people do not reach their consciousness and they do have perception that only opinions of Slaves-in-Spirit exist. This form of insanity is difficult to treat.

Hence, treating of this disease is difficult and prolonged. A free society should not postpone it until this disease causes fissure in society, it should not delude itself, that this is not a disease, but simply another point of view. It should detect symptoms of this disease early and it should perpetually fight this disease.        




     Societies, which have a perpetual inflow of immigrants escaping suppression into freedom, which eagerly assimilate into the new society, have inflow of people, who have been able to extract themselves from the state of Slave-in-Spirit. They immediately detect the illness in the new society and actively reject it. Their offspring inherit this ability, at list partially.

Hence, these people are vitally important for a free society. Those, who do not want such inflow, often are Slaves-in-Spirit, in spite of their rhetoric.

Because it is so easy to fall into the state of Slave-in-Spirit it is important to have an ideology and rituals in a free society, which reinforce the understanding of value of freedom and illuminate situations, where falling in the state of Slave-in-Spirit is likely in a current form and circumstances of the society.

Monotheism is an effective tool of such prevention of falling into slavery and consequently into insanity. Monotheism liberates mind and shows previously hidden variants of decisions. It does not provide solutions. (Forms of religion, which cultivate mentality of slavery and escape from reality into an artificial world of fantasy, should not be confused with monotheism. These forms limit decision-making; they provide solutions or provide someone, who makes decisions on behalf of one who should make decisions on one's own.)